#3 Operation Pied Piper, initiated by the British Government in early September 1939, was the largest mass movement of Britons in its history. Nearly 3,000,000 children were evacuated away from cities in danger of German attack to the relative safety of the countryside. The exodus went surprisingly well, but problems emerged at the receiving end where the Government left placement arrangements to the local authorities who were shortly over-whelmed by the numbers of evacuees. Some children arrived at the wrong area, rations and housing were inadequate, and the selection process was not much different than choosing meat at a market. "I'll have that one!" is a consistent memory of many evacuees. Incredibly, it appears from countless interviews of ex-evacuees that only a minority was ill-treated. However, we may never know fully or may yet discover the emotional scars left on families being separated for such long periods - some for the whole six years of war. #4 The English economy was indeed grim during and after the war years. If you want a taste of what it was like to shop in Britain during 1943, BBC has a brilliant interactive website at - http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/world_war2/food_and_shopping/ For a single girl living in a London flat with no chance of growing a veggie garden or keeping some chickens, a week's ration would be: 1 egg, 4oz margarine, 4 rashers of bacon, 2oz butter, 1oz cheese, 2oz tea, 8oz sugar. At the start of World War II, less than one-third of Britain's food requirements was produced at home. Rationing became necessary as early as January 1940. It didn't stop at the war's end either. Post war austerity measures continued because allied troops remained and the United Kingdom needed to help feed European countries for which they were now responsible. Rationing continued until 1954. It wasn't just food either. Petrol was scarce. Furniture and clothing became utilitarian. Skirts had not pleats, shirts and trousers had no turned-up cuffs, and girls had to make-do with a bit of creative fashion without stockings. It was a grim existence for the jitter-bug generation! Along came the Canadians with their gifts of fruit baskets, chocolate, and best of all nylon stockings! Fraternization with the soldiers began as soon as they arrived in December 1939, with the first marriage registered near Aldershot just forty-three days later. Sequestered during the war to carry troops across the Atlantic, ocean liners like the Queen Mary delivered approximately 45,000 British War Brides and their children to Pier 21 in Halifax, Canada just after the war. Sadly about 22,000 Canadian War Babies, fathered by Canadian soldiers and born to mostly single, unwed British women, were left behind in Great Britain after the war. A few brave mothers defied the social stigmas of the day and raised their children alone, but many were adopted or brought up by relatives.